This course emphasizes the fundamental elements of Surveying in Civil Engineering to provide a broad overview of the instrumentation in Surveying procedures, measurement corrections, and reductions, survey references (datum), and also the calculation necessary to produce a topographic overview of an area for engineering and design-related projects.

Fundamentals of terrestrial surveying measurements include leveling, distances, and angle measurements to compute Orthometric heights relative to a vertical survey datum and 2-D Cartesian coordinates in a horizontal survey datum for engineering projects. Topics on photogrammetry include photography scale and coordinate computation of features in imagery. Basic elements of map design and production methods are introduced.

All the notes have the following reference:

Surveying and Levelling, N N Basak.