Course Title: Applied Emergency Care Technology Part I

Course Code: PECT221T

Course Description:

The course contains the basics of ambulance system, triage, role of triage, role of paramedic personnel and the basic life support skills during critical condition. Basically how the emergency medical care technicians handle the situation in critical care unit e.g. when carrying the patient, lifting the patient all these are include here. Not only the function of different cardio respiratory instruments but this course also deals with the lead used in the specific instrument, its type, even the waves (in case of ECG). Similarly in case of ambulance how to communicate or how to response a call and how to give proper life support skills in absence of a doctor, even pre hospital care techniques and the parameters records or monitor before the admission in a hospitals also include in this syllabus.

Course Objective:

Applied emergency care technology aims to teach the first steps of emergency medical care technology in a systemic way to the B. Sc students from the paramedic or allied health science point of view.
The subject applied emergency care technology deals with  how emergency medical technologists work during a critical condition whether it is in ambulance or it will be in ICU. Emergency medical technicians also need to know the basic life support skills. At the end of the course students will learn CPR, ECG, cardio pulmonary fitness assessment which will be helpful  for providing proper medical support.

Course Outcome:

After successful completion of the course the students acquires strong base of Triage system, ambulance system, basic life support skills like CPR. Students expected to answer the question related to the above mentioned topic. Students are expected to apply the theoretical knowledge in case of hands on laboratory class i.e. during the practical class. Students are expected to learn the basic life support skills and the role of emergency medical care technologists in paramedical science.
Course Structure:
•Module I: Structure and organization of a hospital and its departments, Functioning of an ideal       emergency medicine department, Concept of triage, Components of triage Triage officer,  Triage procedure.
•Module II: Ambulance services (A), Preparation of an ambulance a. Equipment Medical, Basic supplies, Patient transfer equipment, Airways, Suction equipment, Artificial ventilation devices, Oxygen inhalation equipment, Cardiac compression equipment, Basic wound care supplies, Splinting supplies, Childbirth supplies, Medications, Automated external defibrillator, Non-Medical, Personal safety equipment as per local, state, and central standards, Pre-planned routes or comprehensive street maps, Daily inspection, Inspection of vehicle systems b. Equipment  Utilization of safety precautions and seat belts.
•Module III:  Responding to a call, Emergency vehicle operations, Position and Transport of patient,  Patient position, prone, lateral, dorsal, dorsal recumbent, Fowler's positions, comfort measures, bed making, rest and sleep, Lifting and transporting patients: lifting patients up in the bed, transferring from bed to wheel chair, transferring from bed to stretcher, Loading patients to an ambulance, Wheeled ambulance stretcher, Portable ambulance stretcher, Scoop stretcher Long spine board, Transferring patients, The phases of an ambulance call, Disinfection of ambulance following ambulance usage, Air ambulances.
•Module IV:  Pre hospital care -  Introduction, Vehicles, Communications, Patient record, Personal protective equipment, Multiple/ mass casualty - pre-hospital life support.
•Module V: Communication- Communication with doctors, colleagues and other staffs, Non-verbal communication, Inter-personnel relationships, Patient contact techniques, communication with patients and their relatives.

  • Internal 1-   10%
  • Internal 2-   10%
  • Mid- term – 30%
  • End Term – 50%


1) Fundamentals of Respiratory Care- Egan's - Craig l. Scanlon

2) Essential of Medical Physiology- K Sembulingam

3) Ganong’s Review of Medical Physiology

4) Handbook of Emergency Care - Suresh David